CONCEPT OF BROODER HOUSE

     Brooder House for poultry and duck is a very popular and successful government programme in Tripura. since 2008-09 to till date. BLOCK LEVEL BROODER HOUSE programme is going on all over the state.

        Actually Brooder House is the concept where handling the newly born chicks without the aid of hens (artificially ) by means of a temperature controlled brooder ( foster mother ).This Brooder House has several advantages over the natural method, which are:-

Chicks may be reared at any time of the seasons, Thousands of chicks may be brooded by a single person, Speacially for women it’s a very good job because easy to handle and manage the brooding system.

Sanitary condition may be controlled. Temperature may be regulated. Feeding may be undertaken according to plan. Easy to vaccinate all the chicks at a time. Easy to observe the condition of birds and their faces for any sort of abnormality. Labour cost become minimum. Beneficiary can take Brooder House duty as a part time job including his normal other job. Mortality rate becomes minimum and profit percentage is higher.

At present state govt” requirement of BLBH is 290 nos ( 58 nos block x 5 nos BLBH in each block ),Existing BLBH is 80 nos , under construction BLBH is 30 nos  and 26 nos BLBH construction completed but not yet handed over. 154 nos BLBH will be construct ( under proposal).

To increase the egg production in the State, during last two,  five year plan period (10th and 11th),the strategy adopted by the Govt. was to enhance the household egg production through rearing of Low Input Technology ( LIT ) birds. Because the country breed available in the state, their production capacity is not satisfactory moreover hens go for natural brooding three to four times per year and they can brood only 12 -15 baby chicks  per natural brooding.

To overcome this problem a lot of infrastructure were either created or strengthened by the department in different parts of the state like establishment of Block Level Brooder Houses ( BLBH ) in each block. The idea was to rear the day old chicks ( DOC ) upto 49 days in the BLBHs under intensive care along with necessary vaccination/deworming coverage so that when the birds are supplied to the downstream the survibality become much higher. As a result the per capita availability of eggs has increased from 31 eggs/head/year in 2001-02 to60 eggs /head /year in ( provisional )  2016-17.

Meanwhile, due to change in the life style/ food habit/ increased purchased capacity of the people the demand for egg has gone much higher. Beside this, under ‘Supplementary nutrition programme”, along with other nutrients each child has to be provided with an egg twice in a week as animal source protein which is very much essential for the growing child. In mid day meal Scheme 8 nos district covered and total 522472 nos students covered under this scheme. In SNP Scheme Expectant mother covered 32118 nos and Nursing mother covered 53095. So demand of egg is increasing day by day. Considering this, Department has targeted to produce 58 eggs/ head/ year by the end of 12th five year plan. BLBH is one vital source of production of egg.

Accordingly, there is enoromous scope by establishing BLBH in each Block for making improvement in the egg sector by way of engaging rural people in the process of egg production for generation of self employment to cater the growing demand of egg in the state.

To set-up BLBH, fund is available from different sources like Special plan Assistance ( SPA ), RKVY, IGDC,MGNREGA and State plan Source.

Existing BLBHs are 1250 sq. ft each and are designed to accommodate 1500 chicks up to 49 days @0.75sq.ft per chicks. Accordingly the rearer of the BLBHs shall have the scope to rear 9000 chicks per year in 6 batches so that the project become economically viable and the engaged unemployed youths become self employed.

At present maximum BLBHs are constructed under MGNREGA fund and total cost of the project is Rs.14,54,220.00 including cost of Brooder House, cost of Generator shed and cost of installation of generator.

Total fund is placed to either Block or R.D Department to construct the whole set up. After completion of Brooder House, handed over the House to the A.R.D.D Department to start the project.

At that time concerned Panchayet selected 2 or 3 nos unemployed youths (beneficiary) to run the Brooder House successfully though they can become self employed. Veterinary officer of that area ( V.H/ V.D ) act as a supervising officer of that particular BLBH. First time Department provide working capital to rear 1500 nos Day old chicks for 49 days. At present 76 nos BLBH is running and approximate 228 nos (3 nos for each BLBH) beneficiary earning average Rs.4000 to 5000 each person from each batch. In future 642 nos more unemployed youth will be engage in this project will become self employed.

In this rearing period (49 days) deworming and all vaccination provide to the chicks specially R2B vaccine (Ranikhet) is given at 6th week of age and after that supply of chicks started. Following this method it is observed that mortality rate become lower when chicks entered to the farmers house.

In downstream schemes 45 nos chicks (LIT variety) of 28 days or 49 days of age supplied to the beneficiary from the BLBH. Poultry grower ration may be procured by the concerned beneficiary to provide in limited quantity to the birds initially, which will be tapered slowly over a period of 15 days to change the feeding habit and later on the birds will survive on scavenging. Necessary treatment /vaccination/Deworming etc will be carried out by ARDD through its field level institution.

From each batch of chicks rearing, beneficiary can sale 1425 nos chicks out of 1500 chicks (5% mortality in BLBH) ,also can sale gunny bags and manure. All technical guidance given by Veterinarian to rear scientifically and overall it is a profitable business.

In farmers house, grower birds  become adult at the age of 150 days ( 5 months )  and  start laying eggs. To rear these birds Department assist the farmers to build a night shelter and to provide feeder/waterer etc. The eggs are reddish in colour and size is also very good. Demand of this egg is very high.

One hen produce approximate 130-150 eggs per year and 1.5 kg meat production from each spent hen. From one poultry unit farmer consume egg for their own family and also sale extra eggs in the market. Few fertile eggs also sale for hatching purpose, which demand is high in village level. Male birds sale for meat purpose.

In this way the beneficiary who are rearing chicks in the Brooder House they are financially benefited as well as when birds go to farmers house, farmers also get benefit by rearing the birds.

PRESENT SCINARIO OF BLBH IN THE STATE

Sl.no Name of District Name of BLOCK No of BLBH Remarks

1.

West

1.Old Agartala

2.Mandwai

3.Dukli

4.Bamutia

5.Mohanpur

6.Belbari

7.Lefunga

8. Hezamara

9.Jirania

1. 1 nos

2. 2 nos

3. 2 nos

4. 2 nos

5. 2 nos

6.   –

7.   –

8. 2 nos

9. 1 no

In Jirania Block, due to floor damage, BLBH is not functioning.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.

Sepahijala

1.Mohanbhog

2.Nalchar

3.Kathalia

4.Boxnagar

5.Bishalgarh

6.Charilam

7.Jampuijala

1. 1 no

2.  –

3. 3 nos

4. 2 nos

5.   –

6. 1 no

7. 2 nos

In Nalchar Block 2 nos const’ completed and in Bishalgarh Block 3 nos under construction.

 

 

 

 

3.

South

1.Hrishyamukh

2.Rajnagar

3.B.C.Nagar

4.Poanbari

5.Satchand

6.Rupaichari

7.Jolaibari

8.Bakafa

 

1. 1 no

2. 1 no

3. 1 no

4.1 no

5. 1 no

6.   -

7. 1 no

8.   -

 

4.

North

1.Dasda

2.Jampuihill

3.Laljuri

4.Damcherra

 

1.3 nos

2.1 no

3.  –

4.1 no

 

 

5.

Gomati

1.Matabari

2.Kakraban

3.Tepania

4.Amarpur

5.Ompi

6.Karbook

7.Killa

 

1.2 nos

2.2 nos

3.1 no

4.2 nos

5.2 nos

6.2 nos

7.1 no

 

 

6.

Khowai

1.Khowai

2.Kalyanpur

3.Teliamura

4.Tulashikhar

5.Padmabol

6.Mungiakami

1.  3 nos

2.  2 nos

3.  1 no

4.  2 nos

5.  2 nos

6.  1 no

 

 

7.

Unokoti

1.Gournagar

2.Chandipur

3.Kumarghat

4.Pecharthal

1.  1 no

2.  2 nos

3.  3 nos

4.  2 nos

 

 

8.

Dhailai

1.Ambassa

2.Chawmanu

3.Manu

4.Ganganagar

5.Damburnagar

6.Raishyabari

7. Durgachaumuhani

8.Salema

1.  2 nos

2.  1 no

3.  2 nos

4.    –

5.  1 no

6.    –

7.  1 no

8.  2 no

 

 

 

In the year 2014-15, Department provided Backyard poultry development scheme to 3000 nos BPL families and each family provided 45 nos chicks (28 days old ).Total no of birds distributed was 1,35,000 nos. In field condition if mortality is apx’20%, then 108000 birds survived .Among total birds, male and female percentage is 50:50.Apx’54,000 female birds produced 7,02000 lakhs (130 eggs per year) eggs in the field which is consumed by farmers family and extra eggs saled in the market. In another way 54,000 nos male birds consumed as a deshi chiken and quantity is apx ’81,000 kg (1.5 kg meat from each adult bird) per year.

In the year 2016-17  Department covered 3555 nos and 3445 nos  BPL families under Backyard poultry development scheme. Both the scheme is undergoing and after completion of scheme,  huge nos of eggs and poultry meat will be produced in the farmers house which will be flow in the market and financially farmers will become self employed.

Performance of Govt. Poultry farm during the year 2016-17.

S.l No Particulars S.P.F, Gandhigram. DPF, Panisagar DPF, Udaipur Belbari TTAADC Grant TOTAL
Parent line Commercial Parent line Commercial Parent line Commercial Parent line Commercial Parent line Commercial
1 Strength as on 31.03.2017  (In Nos.) i) Cock:-

0

0

183

0

0

0

217

0

400

0

ii) Hen:-

0

0

797

0

0

0

1057

0

1854

0

 iii) Cockerel:

679

0

0

0

0

0

01

0

680

0

iv) Pullet:-

2602

0

0

0

0

0

661

0

3263

0

v) Chicks:-

0

0

2753

0

0

0

0

0

2753

0

Total =

3281

0

3733

0

0

0

1936

0

8950

0

2 Egg Produced (In Nos.) 2323 147965 96710 205422 452420
3 Total Eggs disposed :          
  i) For Table Purpose:- 0 47373 62609 51947 161929
ii) Sold for hatching:- 0 342 0 147 489
iii)  Utilized for hatching:- 0 98730 36877 123446 259053
iv) Spoiled eggs :- 485 259 1012 0 1756
v) Balance in hand 0 3121 0 0 3121
Total 485 149825 100498 175540 426348
4 No. of DOC Produced(In Nos.) 40829 66217 25189 101462 233697
5 Distribution (DOC):-          
i) To the Farmer 3510 22052 2886 25040 53488
ii) To the BLBH 37319 44165 20726 75390 177600
iii) For Breeding 0 0 0 0 0
Total 40829 66217 23612 100430 231088
6 Sold for Table Purpose (In Nos.)   

 

 

i) Adult 0 1423 1840 526 3789
ii) Grower(Chicks) 0 0 0 298 298
Total 0 1423 1840 824 4087
7 Mortality (In Nos.) i) Chicks ( 0- 136 days) 0 667 0 525 1192
ii) Grower 0 391 0 0 391
iii) Adult 0 872 666 530 2068
Total = 0 1930 666 2703 5299
8 Revenue earned (In Rs.) i) From egg: 2388 165831 174434 208490 551143
ii) Hatching egg 0 0 0 1911 1911
ii) From DOC:- 480588 780395 0 1332072 2593055
iii) From Breeding Sold 0 0 0 0 0
iv) From Meat Sold 0 270753 314843 163974 749570
v) Manure/Others: 1000 4335 4605 8727 18667
vi) Fodder 4550 0 0 0 4550
vii) Others 0 0 0 129287 129287
viii) Outstanding credit 0 0 0 494960 494960
ix)Bird 19114 0 287292 1800 308206
Total 507640 1221314 781174 2341221 4851349
 
 

DuckeryDevelopment

Performance of the Govt. Duck breeding Farms during the year 2016-17

SL No Particulars REDBF, R.K. Nagar DPF, Devipur Total
K.C. VSM White Pekin K.C. VSM White Pekin K.C. VSM White Pekin
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
1 Stock position  as on 31.03.2017
  i) Duck:- 1178 0 71 708 50 0 1886 50 71
ii) Drake:- 310 0 29 151 11 0 461 11 29
iii)Young Stock (60 days above)
  1. Per-Layer
332 0 0 479 188 0 811 188 0
iv) Duckling

(b) 0-28days

322 0 58 0 0 0 322 0 58

(c) 29-56 days

100 0 0 0 0 0 100 0 0
Total 2242 0 158 1338 249 0 3580 249 158
2 Egg Produced 104494 0 7535 64057 4436 0 168551 4436 7535
3 Total Eggs disposed                   
i) For Table Purpose 66921 0 1064 48089 3510 0 115010 3510 1064
ii) Sold for hatching 172 0 20 0 0 0 172 0 20
iii) hatching in the  Farm 37259 0 6586 14665 1023 0 51924 1023 6586
iv) Spoiled eggs 423 0 1 0 0 0 423 0 1
Total 104775 0 7671 62754 4533 0 167529 4533 7671
4 No. of  DOD chicks Produced 18427 0 2865 8857 0 0 27284 0 2865
5 Distribution of DOD chicks                  
i) In the State 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
ii) To the BLBH 1572 0 0 0 0 0 1572 0 0
iii) Reared in the farm 14953 0 2959 0 0 0 14953 0 2959
Total 16525 0 2959 0 0 0 16525 0 2959
6 Sold for Table Purpose                  
i) Adult 0 0 0 251 0 0 251 0 0
ii) Grower 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total 0 0 0 251 0 0 251 0 0
7 Mortality                  
i) DOD 378 0 28 199 31 0 577 31 0
ii) Duckling 301 0 0 318 149 0 619 149 0
iii) Adult 0 0 0 64 37 0 64 37 0
Total 679 0 28 581 217 0 1260 217 0
8 Revenue earned (in Rs.)                  
i) From egg:- 330208 0 8171 225878 17272 0 556086 17272 8171
ii) From DOD:- 247500 0 41475 106584 1185 0 354084 1185 41475
iii) From Breeding Sold 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
iv) From Meat Sold 27714 0 4483 23187 12418 0 50901 12418 4483
v) Manure/Others: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total  Revenue earned in Rs. 605422 0 54129 355649 30875 0 961071 30875 54129