Piggery Development

Piggery Development in the State:-

Tripura is a landlocked state in North East India, third-smallest among the 29 states in the country, behind Goa and Sikkim. The topography, climate and socio-economic conditions make the people to depend more on Animal Husbandry activities.

The challenges faced by our State in securing the food as well as nutritional security to fast growing population need an integrated approach for livestock farming. Among the various livestock species, piggery is most potential source of meat production and more efficient feed converters after the broiler. Pig farming will provide employment opportunities to rural farmers and supplementary income to improve their living standards.

The annual meat production of the state during 2016-17 was estimated at 39.685 MT with per capita availability of 10.32 Kg / head /year. Out of the total production, piggery alone contributes 30% and creating enormous scope for employment to the rural farmers.

Pig statistics

The State pig population as per the XIXth Livestock Census 2012 is 3, 68,121, of which 58.71% (2, 16,137) are crossbreds and 41.29% (1, 51,984) are indigenous. District-wise pig population is given in Table (exotic/crossbred).

Details of Pigs for Exotic/Crossbreds (CB)/Indigenous (ND)

Sl.No Name of the District CB ND Total
1. West 25,165 12,702 37,867
2. Khowai 33,768 20,533 54,301
3. Sepahijala 24,989 16,301 41,290
4. Gomoti 35,096 17,893 52,989
5. South 29,793 20,005 49,798
6. Dhalai 33,977 28,328 62,305
7. Unokoti 8,223 9457 17,680
8. North 25,126 26,765 51,891
STATE TOTAL 2,16,137 1,51,984 3,38,121

Pig rearing system

Pigs are the most common and preferred livestock species in Tripura and reared by the weaker section as well as the unemployed youth of the total population of the state. Piggery itself contributes 30% of the total meat production in the state. Traditionally, the tribal populations are rearing pigs.  Besides, the non-tribal has now been taken up pig farming as primary source of income.  The majority of households rear pigs (mostly 1 or 2 pigs), mainly for fattening purposes as a good source of animal origin protein.

Pig rearing occupies an important position in the farming system in Tripura as it is closely interlinked with the other agricultural operation performed by the tribal people for livelihood. The production system in the villages is very traditional, mainly based on indigenous local pigs with feeding systems primarily based on jungle forages and kitchen waste.

Feeding of balanced concentrate feed to pigs is popular now a days, the concentrates readily available in the market. Some farmers buy a couple of feed ingredients, maize, wheat bran or rice polish, from the local feed stall and fed it to pigs with additional farm and kitchen waste. However, they hardly buy any protein rich feed ingredients or mineral and vitamin mixture. This is possibly because pig producers lack knowledge of pig nutrition together with financial constraints.

These traditional feeds provide inadequate nutrition to support acceptable growth rates and to maintain good health. In addition collecting forages is a major cause of forest degradation. Also, collection of forages and fuel wood places an enormous burden on women who are traditionally responsible for these activities.

Comparative Study in respect of Pig Population:-

                                                                                                                                                      (In thousands)

Category 2003 2007 2012 % change from 2007 to 2012
Exotic/Crossbred
Male 49.00 64.70 112.02 73.15
Female 46.00 57.87 101.62 75.59
Total Exotic/Crossbred 95.00 122.57 213.64 74.30
Indigenous
Male 56.00 72.25 74.91 3.67
Female 58.00 68.87 73.98 7.42
Total Indigenous 114.00 141.13 148.89 5.50
TOTAL PIGS 209.00 263.69 362.53 37.48

Major pig breeds:

  1. Large White Yorkshire: - Most extensively used exotic breed in our State. Excellent breed for the purpose of cross breeding. Considering the popularity and performance experienced at farmers’ field, this can be imported as per government norms for development of nucleus herd in Govt. as well as in Pvt. Sectors.
  2. Landrace: - These breeds are noted for their ability to farrow and raise large litters and extensively used for cross breeding in our State. For efficient utilization of this breed in crossbreeding programme, import of this germplasm to the state from other parts of India as well as abroad is required. Besides the Govt. sector, this breed can also be maintained in the Pvt. Sector as nucleus herd.
  3. Hampshire (Pure bred): They have been used extensively in crossbreeding because of their good carcass quality - popular for their lean, meaty carcasses. For efficient utilization of this breed in crossbreeding programme, import of this germplasm to the state from other parts of India as well as abroad is required.
  4. The indigenous variety of pigs i.e. Mali & Dome: Available in Tripura are smaller in size with poor feed conversion abilities. Average adult body weight is about 45 Kg & litter size is 4 to 5. The main objective of the Government is to enhance pig production of the state by upgrading the local variety of pigs through cross breeding with the exotic pigs. Adult body weight of the improved variety pig come up to 70 to 80 kg with increased litter size. Carcass weight was found to be 56 to 70 % of live weight.

The Animal Resources Development Department including TTAADC is currently maintaining 10 piggery farms with the following objectives:

  1. To maintain swine breeds of superior germplasm aimed at up-grading local animals at farmer level to enhance productivity and production.
  2. Utilise as demonstration farm to progressive piggery farmers
  3. Generate revenue for the State.
  4. Also proliferation of exotic variety to augment pork production of the state.
  Sl. No.   Name of the Farm   Name of the  District   Name of the Breed
1 Pig Breeding Farm, Howaibari. Khowai Landrace
Large White Yorkshire
2 Exotic Pig Breeding Farm, Debipur Sepahijala Landrace
Large White Yorkshire
3 Pig Breeding Farm, B.C.Manu South Tripura Large White Yorkshire
4 Pig Breeding Farm, Jalefa South Tripura Large White Yorkshire
5 Pig Breeding Farm, Nalicherra Dhalai Large White Yorkshire
Mali
6 REPB Farm, Nalkata Dhalai Large White Yorkshire
7 Pig Breeding Farm, Kanchanpur, TTAADC Unokoti Large White Yorkshire
Dome
8 Pig Breeding Farm, Nabincharra, TTAADC North Tripura Large White Yorkshire
9 Pig Breeding Farm, Belbari, TTAADC West Large White Yorkshire
Hampshire
Landrace
10 Pig Breeding Farm, B.C.Manu, TTAADC South Tripura Large White Yorkshire

The strengthening of the existing farms will be able to keep balance between piglet demand and its distribution. As a result the financial benefit will reach to the grass-root level and it will inspire the unemployed youth to come forward for modern pig farming and increased pork production. So, to get optimum production, replacement of present old, senile, low productive pigs including Strengthening of pig breeding farms, is required.

IMPORTANT ACTIVITIES TAKEN UP BY THE DEPTT. DURING LAST FIVE YEARS:

  1. Introduced Mega Seed Project on Pig during the year 2015-16 at Composite Livestock farm, Debipur. Objectives of this project are to Production of upgraded variety of quality piglets and increase farm income through technology lead growth, Capacity building in institute to produce above number of quality piglets & Initiating gender friendly pro-poor growth through improved pig husbandry.
  2. Genetic improvement of local pig through supply of one male piglet to Patta Holders with an annual target of 1500(one thousand five hundred) beneficiaries [@ Rs. 6,000/- per beneficiary].
  3. Induction of new germplasm for enhancing production of pork (pig meat) as well as adoption of breeding technology for production of lean meat with low fat using exotic and non-descript pigs.
  4. Strengthening of the Govt. Pig farms for input supply and preservation of better germplasm.
  5. Tuber (Tapioca) cultivation through convergence of fund under MGNREGA in FRA and other areas - 25 Hectare every year.

Contact details:-

Sl. No. Name of the Officer & designation Place of Posting Contact number (Mobile)
1. Dr. Subir Das. State level Nodal Officer(Pig Development) Directorate of ARDD, Gurkhabasti 9436450811
2. Dr. Ajit Bhowmik. Dy.Director. CLF, Debipur, Sepahijala. 9436472534
3. Dr. Uttam Sarkar. Vety. Officer. CLF, Debipur, Sepahijala. 9436581436/8794673469
4. Dr. Sarmistha Kar. Vety. Officer. Pig Breeding Farm, Howaibari, Teliamura. 9468296102
5. Dr. Supradip Das. Vety. Officer. CLF, Nalicherra, Ambassa, Dhalai. 9436467710/9485148307
6. Dr. Ankur Debnath, Vety. Officer. REPBF, Nalkata, Dhalai. 8131806905/8100721762
7. Dr. Tridib Debnath, Vety. Officer. CLF, Birchandramanu, South Tripura. 9774732389
8. Dr. Debajit Debbarma, Vety. Officer. Pig Breeding Farm, Jalefa, South Tripura. 9089212710/8974547442
9. Dr. Dipayan Dewan, Vety. Officer. Pig Breeding Farm, Belbari, Khumulwng. 8974135384/8014675524
10. Dr. Priyabrata Nath, Vety. Officer. Pig Breeding Farm, Birchandramanu, South Tripura. 9436189419
11. Dr. L. Royte. Asstt. Director. Pig Breeding Farm, Kanchanpur, North Tripura. 9436475562/9612242769
12. Dr. Sugam Chakma, Vety. Officer. Pig Breeding Farm, Nabincharra, North Tripura. 9863422421/7005287350

 

  1. Pig Products:

i. Exotic pig/piglet:

Sl. No Particulars of exotic pig Product Revised Rate for selling in the state (In Rs.) w.e.f 1st July,2013 Revised Rate for selling outside the state (In Rs.) w.e.f 1st July,2013
1. Piglets at weaning (up to 60 days) 2000.00 5000.00
2. Piglets at 61-90 days 2500.00 5500.00
3. 3-4 months 3000.00 6000.00
4. 4-5 months 3500.00 6500.00
5. 5-6 months 4000.00 7000.00
6. 6-7 months 4500.00 7500.00
7. 7-8 months 5000.00 8000.00
8. Pig live weight including culled 80.00 per kg  
9. Pork 120.00 per kg  
 

ii. Mali pig/ piglet:

SI. No Particulars of Mail pig product Revised rate for selling in state (in Rs),w.e.f 1st July'13 Revised rate for selling outside the state (in Rs) w.e.f. 1s July, 13
1 Up to 60 days 700.00 2500
2 61-90 days 800.00     3000
3 91-120 days 1000.00 3200
4 121-150 days 1200.00     3500
5 151-180 days 1500.00 4000
6 181-210 days 1800.00  4500   
7 21 1-240 days 2000.00 5000
8 Above age group of 240 days (On live weight basis)  Rs. 80.00 Per Kg  
9 Dressed meat   Rs. 120.00 Per Kg  
 

B. Goat Products:-

Sl.no Particulars of Goat Products Revised Rate (In Rs.) w.e.f. 1st July, 2013
1. Live weight 130.00
2. Dressed meat 250.00
 
This has been issued as per approval of the Govt. vide U.O.No 352/Secy/ARDD dated 08-05-13.
 

Pig Breeding Policy

There are 10 (Ten) Pig breeding Farms in the State. There is a great potential for the growth of Pig husbandry in Tripura. The main objective of the Government to enhance pig production of the state by upgrading the local variety of pigs through cross breeding with the exotic pigs. Adult body weight of the improved pigs come up to 70 to 80 kg with increased litter size. Carcass weight was found to be 56 to 70 % of live weight.

DISTRICT  WISE PIG FARM LOCATIONS ARE AS GIVEN BELOW -

SL No S.L No Name the Farm Area Name of the District
1 1

Belbari

TTAADC

West District

2 1

Howaibari,

State Government

Khowai District

3 1

CLF Devipur,

State Government

Shipahijala District

4 1

Jalefa

State Government

South District

5 2

Birchandra Manu

State Government

6 3

Birchandra Manu

TTAADC

7 1

Nabincherra

TTAADC

Unokoti District

8 1

Kanchanpur

TTAADC

North District

9 1

Nalicharra,

State Government

Dhalai District

10 2

Nalkata,

State Government

 
ACHIEVEMENT OF THE GOVERNMENT PIG FARMS DURING THE YEAR 2016-17
Particulars Nal Kata. NaliCharra Belbri ADC Devi Pur. Howaibari B.C. Manu B.C.Manu ADC Jalefa Kanchanpur ADC Nabin-charra ADC Grand Total
 
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Strength as on 31-03-2017:-Stock Position

Boar

12 8 22 14 15 5 0 8 10 0 94

Sow

143 52 81 53 62 78 0 12 54 0 535

Young Boar

0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 2

Gilt

0 7 17 0 5 17 0 21 13 0 80

 Piglet

22 90 141 101 94 191 0 19 144 0 802

Total

177 157 261 168 178 291 0 60 221 0 1513
   
Production of Piglet

Male

105 197 507 188 270 361 270 40 236 0 3891

Female

108 193 534 174 249 322 37 0

Total

213 390 1041 362 519 683 270 77 236 0 3791
   
Piglets sold for breeding purpose.

Male

117 76 395 177 243 337 275 7 208 0 3152

Female

120 56 416 174 234 312 5 0

Total

237 132 811 351 477 649 275 12 208 0 3152
   
Sold for Table purpose

Piglet Male

05 5 0 22 7 9 0 1 0 0 49

Piglet Female

28 18 0 21 17 23 0 10 0 0 117

Adult Male

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Adult Female

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Total

33 23 0 43 24 32 0 11 0 0 166
Mortality

Adult

38 5 0 5 1 0 0 0 0 0 49

Male

85 86 44 8 39 59 0 36 39 0 396

Female

90 69 30 10 35 52 0 37 62 0 385

 

Total

213 160 74 23 75 111 0 73 101 0 830
   
Total Revenue  (In Rs ) 876500 457680 3360375 1476240 1367648 2055520 597000 216300 970650 0 11377913
 

*PBF.Devipur(Mega seed project)(Stock Position-  Boar-2,Sow-19,Gilt-11,Piglet-27Total=59)Production-180Distribution-166Rs.410400/-